If the skin becomes injured, it will form a protein known as collagen to repair the wound. This healing process occurs anytime the skin is cut, burned, or damaged from a disease or condition, such as acne or chickenpox.While the skin does an efficient job of healing and closing its wounds, the new collagen and repaired skin are often noticeable in the form of a scar.

Scars are one of the most difficult cosmetic skin issues to treat. While it is possible to reduce some new scars, older ones are particularly hard to get rid of.

Though many natural remedies are claimed to reduce or get rid of scars, most of them lack any scientific evidence that they work.

A few home remedies may be worth trying, but the best way to reduce scars is to care for wounds as they heal, limiting their formation from the beginning.

Types of scars

The type of scar that a person gets depends on many factors, such as:

The kind of skin injury that occurred, such as acne, surgery, or a burn.
A person’s natural skin type. Some scar types can run in families, and the thickness, color, and texture of a person’s skin may affect how they scar.
The location of the injury. The skin may be thicker or tougher on some regions of the body, which can influence the appearance of a scar.

Knowing the type of scar is helpful when deciding how to treat it.

Keloids

A keloid scar usually grows much larger than the wound itself. It is raised, dark in color, and can continue to grow after the wound has healed.

Keloids can have side effects such as interfering with movement, pain, and itching. They may be more common in people with darker skin tones and do not resolve or fade with time.

Hypertrophic scars

Like keloids, these scars are usually raised and red. But, they occur only at the site of the injury. They can be itchy or painful, but this often improves as the skin completely heals.

Hypertrophic scars often become less raised and noticeable with time, though this process can take years.

Atrophic scars

An atrophic scar appears as a pit or dent in the skin. It forms as a result of damage to the skin’s collagen and commonly occurs with conditions such as chickenpox and acne.

Contracture scars

These scars will cause the skin to become tight, or contract. They are often the result of burns and can be painful.

Contracture scars can affect muscles and nerves beneath the skin and can reduce movement of the affected body part.

Widespread scars

Also known as stretched scars, these are common after surgery. They occur when a surgical incision scar stretches and becomes wider.

These scars are usually flat and pale, so they tend to be less noticeable than raised or indented scars.

Home remedies for getting rid of scars

Many lotions, creams, and other products claim to reduce a scar’s appearance but lack evidence to back up their claims.

However, for those who wish to try a noninvasive treatment for scars at home, a few options may be able to help.

1.Sun protection

While sun protection alone will not get rid of a scar, it can keep them from getting worse and help with the natural fading process.

People using glycolic acid or other scar-fading products are strongly advised to use sun protection.

Careful use of sunscreen and sun-protective clothing is necessary for both newly-formed and old scars alike. It will help prevent additional darkening, which makes a scar more noticeable.

2. Silicone sheets and gel

Of all the home remedies for scars, silicone may have the most evidence that it works.

A number of studies over the past 20 years have confirmed that applying silicone sheeting or gel can gradually improve a scar’s appearance:

Silicone sheeting has been shown to be a proven scar treatment over the years, according to one study.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2494.2012.00751.x/full” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>A review states that silicone sheeting improves the appearance of hypertrophic<

3.Chemical exfoliators

Many over-the-counter creams and serums contain exfoliants. These substances are designed to help remove the outer layers of dead skin, revealing a smoother appearance.

While there are some claims that exfoliants can smooth fine lines, they may be beneficial for some types of scars and dark marks.

One study found that two types of chemical exfoliators helped to reduce the look of acne scars and dark marks caused by acne. The study looked at peels that contained glycolic acid and a salicylic-mandelic acid combination and found both types offered some improvement.

Another study found that glycolic acid peels can improve the look of atrophic acne scars. The authors stated that people who have stronger peels done in a doctor’s office may get better results, but that lower-strength peels done at home can also offer benefits with fewer side effects.

4. Onion extract to remove scars

One of the most well-known natural remedies for scar treatment is onion extract. This extract is widely available in scar treatment products that are available at drug stores.

Some studies found that:

A proprietary onion extract product improved and softened scars after 4 weeks.
People who used an onion extract gel reported improvements in scar texture, softness, redness, and overall appearance after 4 weeks.
Despite these studies, evidence on onion extract is mixed. One study found that onion extract was no better than a petroleum-based ointment in treating scars.

Lack of evidence for other remedies

Many other home remedies have been promoted as scar removers, such as aloe vera, honey, and olive oil.

While these natural substances may help soften and smooth skin, and likely will not do any harm, no studies have yet found these substances to work in reducing or removing scars.

Source : https://www.medicalnewstoday.com”>https://www.medicalnewstoday.com